Facial treatments: cleaning, whitening, hydration, how to improve the state of the skin

How to not only say when they want to enhance the beauty of the skin. Its called silky, shiny, smooth... But it enjoys such a skin may be far away from everything: her, the impact and the situation and the character of feeding, and choice of providers of funds. We tell about what is the correct skin care and what are the characteristics that he has.

skin care

How to develop a personalised programme of facial skin care

We all dreamed about how to take care of the skin of the face more efficiently. Thus, attention to all their individual characteristics. Only in the cosmetology stands out four types of skin — normal, oily, dry and mixed. To determine the type of your skin, you list your major symptoms:

  • The oily skin. The main sign that the increase in the compartment of fat and oily shine. The epidermis seems bad, enlarged pores. Oily skin is prone to the appearance of comedones and acne. And behold, a small expression lines, wrinkle it appear relatively late.
  • Dry skin them oily. The separation of the reduced fat, skin not shiny, and has a tom matte, it can take off. Dry skin is more thin and delicate, but and wrinkle it appear faster, sometimes, already up to 30 years of age. The pores on the skin this kind of virtually invisible.
  • Normal skin — the golden mean, which is relatively rare. The separation of the fat in the case of a normal skin, moderate skin can shine, but only on the T-zone, pores are usually small and extended, also only in the central part of the face. Usually, the skin of this type is resistant to external and internal factors, your state of "smooth" within a year.
  • The combination of leather combines the signals listed above are of three types. The holders of a combined skin can be extended through the pores in the T-zone, promoted the separation of fat in certain parts of the face, may intermittently occur comedo and acne. Usually combined with the skin is not prone to early aging.

All these features should be considered in the choice of tools for the care of the skin of the face. Because if you use the creams and lotions that "don't like" the skin of your type, you can get the reverse effect: the care not only will not give a result, but may worsen the appearance. For example, if the owners of dry skin you're going to use the shells with thick n particles, which can easily hurt your. And those with oily skin, use special tools, you should respect the balance, otherwise you can dry out the surface layers of the skin, the problem will remain without solution.

Thus, the correct principle of skin care at home — take it according to the type. If you have normal skin type, you can compose the maintenance program independently, with a focus for some recommendations. Holders of dry, oily and even more combined with the skin we advise you to contact the professional cosmetologists or dermatologists. It is so that you can pick up the care tool that solves the problem, and do not aggravate them.

Fundamentally important!
Everyone knows they should not take care means, if your skin does not apply to the normal for the type. But what explains this? If the first cause. The dryness of the skin may be a consequence of the reduction of the activity of the sebaceous glands, and may be the result of violations of integrity of the epidermal barrier. Thus, to the advertiser, the dry skin often resolves the problem of your hydration at home, without the use of fat nourishing cream. If the dryness of the skin is related not with the work of the sebaceous glands, and with the state of the epidermis, this can aggravate the situation: the oily cream forms on the skin surface film that prevents the skin to breath and normal metabolism

In any case, you select the tool independently or to resort to the help of an expert program for skin care of the face will include three steps: cleanse, tone and nutrition. However, the list of providers of resources and best practices, will be different in each case.

Normal facial skin care

the skin of the face

It may seem more simple, however, it has its own characteristics. In particular, for washing, use tools that do not contain antibacterials and anti-inflammatory components. Scrubs not worth using more than once per week. Cleaning alcohol-based which dry the skin, it is best not to choose, instead, to use cosmetics with components of medicinal plants: extracts of chamomile, aloe vera, marigold, the bark of the tree. They smooth the texture of the skin, improve its appearance.

Fluorescent creams for normal skin should contain sunscreen filter to prevent excesses. To hydrate the skin at home it is best to use special tools, that is, those that do not form on the surface of the film. Usually, it is not a creams and gels, which are included proteins, polysaccharides, and other substances.

Rule of skin care face oily

Oily skin requires special care, that does not cause increased activity of sebaceous glands and, when you do this, not Sears the surface layer of the epidermis. We must also remember that the oily skin, the lower concentration of linoleic acid. This causes epidermal barrier worst protects the skin against different pathogens, irritations and inflammations. This is why oily skin often suffer from redness.

The main areas of care of oily skin of the face:

  • quality of purification;
  • bactericidal treatment of the skin;
  • the reduction of the activity of the sebaceous glands;
  • hydration;
  • resolution of areas of greater density (accumulates in the sebum and occur defects).

For washing, it is recommended to choose a tool with neutral (7) or acidic pH (4,5–5,2): the change of acidity in the opposite direction, increases the risk of bacteria proliferation. It is better to have called the soap, without soap, or does not contain alkali. Such are the means that contain lactate ammonium. Lactate of zinc will help to insure the separation of the fat, "dry" skin feeling soft and gently. After washing 2 or 3 times per week, you can clean the skin, in addition, with the help of body scrub. It helps to remove the particles of skin that did not peel them. You can use peeling creams or gels with synthetic particles in the composition.

To tone the skin it is best to use the tool, do not contain alcohol. This can be tonics and lotions in plant extracts, in particular with the content of chamomile, calendula, aloe.

Sometimes, people with oily skin believe that she does not need hydration. Certainly, it is not, however, moisturizers should not be heavy, a dense texture and make breathing more difficult and the output of sebum. To moisturize the skin of the face, best not to use cream and gel, serum, or milk. If the skin is prone to inflammation, nourish the means must include components anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, bisabolol. But you need to remember that the gel is not recommended to use in the cold: in the winter, they are only suitable for a night nursing.

Skin care dry face

The dryness of the skin may be innate, genetic, but sometimes occurs during the life. In particular, the level of production of sebum, associated with a hormonal background — with the approach of menopause such as dryness of the skin increases. Also this may be the result of an inadequate maintenance, for example, frequent bark.

Care with dry skin should be very delicate. During washing, we do not recommend the use of cleaning products, giving abundant foam: they are "washed away" the lipids of the skin. It is advisable tool for washing the face contained oil or other fatty acids components. You should not wash in hot water: it should be a comfortable temperature.

care of the face

For the care of dry skin it is recommended to use products that contain ceramides, cholesterol and free fatty acids. These substances contribute to the normalization of the outside of the skin barrier. If there are cracks in the skin, use the tools that create a fine film, that holds water. This property has paraffin and glycerine, which can serve as a tool for express-help: when using the water balance of the skin quickly recovers. Providers recommended masks are those that have a gel or cream texture. A mask with the clay content, especially popular today, should keep on the face until the moment of drying, because then the skin also begins to dry out. Clay mask, you can close the top of the film.

Many times, when the dry skin can occur compression, hyperkeratosis. In this case, it is possible, taking care to use for the care of emulsions or creams with acids — salicylic acid, citric acid, glucoside, malic acid.

Optionally, it is recommended to monitor the moisture level of the air (preferably use household humidifiers) and feed. In the state of dry skin positively on the consumption of fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. They contribute to the formulation of the lipid, improve the state of the epidermal barrier.

Skin care type combo

Features care combined with the skin of the face explains the nuances of its structure. The increased activity of the sebaceous glands in the T-zone requires a greater attention. When cleansing combined with skin are recommended peel two times per week. This will make the cleaning of the skin of the face more efficiently and accelerate the absorption of the active ingredients of the creams. However, if the T-zone, there is inflammation, the peeling is not worth it.

The second point is the feeding phase of the skin: for the different phases one must apply different means. For example, in the area of increased activity of the sebaceous glands is necessary to apply matting and drying creams. And here are creams with a pronounced moisturizing effect is recommended for the area of the cheeks and on the forehead.

Care anti-aging

With the age the body in general and, respectively, in the layers of the epidermis in particular, occurs a series of changes: slows down the metabolism, the update of the tissues, decreases the water content, which leads eventually to the loss of muscle tone. The change in hormonal balance also affects the condition of the skin: less delayed moisture, it is easier to form fine wrinkles. That is why the anti-aging of skin care should be comprehensive, preferably anti-age-therapy affects the whole body. But directly for the person shows:

  • biorevitalizatsiya — injection of hyaluronic acid;
  • ozone therapy — the impact of ozone on the skin;
  • photorejuvenation — hazardous radiation exposure;
  • the massage facial;
  • the use of acid retinóico — synthetic analog of vitamin A, responsible for the renewal of the skin cells.

These activities are aimed at improving tone, to supply the scarcity of water, protection against free radicals — molecules that can destroy proteins and intensify the process of ageing of the cells. However, the procedure is anti-aging care contains so many nuances, that is the theme for a great article.

Taking care of your skin problem facial

And, of course, not if you can touch on the theme of care for problematic skin of the face. After all, from the stimulus, rashes, increased pigmentation, at least occasionally, in front of each of us. What to do in this case?

  • Redness and rosacea (redness of the skin — temporary or permanent — and the presence in the skin advanced vessels). When these problems, it is necessary to pay attention on very smooth, use the tool without the abrasive (solids) of the particles and alcohol, cosmetic care can be applied electrical devices special, such as, for example, personal hygiene gloves. You also need to use protective equipment, to avoid the aggressive action to the skin, eliminate the visit of baths, saunas, reception of hot baths. You can do courses of phototherapy (treatment of light), mesotherapy (subcutaneous administration of medicines), when expressed redness drug use azelaic acid, metronidazole, do massage with ice.
  • Seborrhea — the interruption of the work of the sebaceous glands. It manifests the increase of the formation of fat, the skin peeling, thickening of the top layer of the epidermis. Cleaning of the skin when seborrhea you can use the milk on the basis of components, solutions, alcohol-based media are not recommended (only locally). To improve the condition of skin can make sulfur or mineral baths.
  • Acne and acne. Let us pause about the options of care when the light of the degree of the disease (when expressed problems may need a comprehensive treatment, which includes including the use of antibiotics). A special attention when the acne should be given in cleaning the skin: each procedure should last for two or three minutes, and full of local problems that it is worth devoting a larger amount of time. To tone the skin on the skin should choose the means, do not contain alcohol, you can take lotions and tonics on the basis of chamomile, sage, tools with a low content of fruit acids. Once a week you can make peeling and mask based on clay, which will reduce the pores. Experts recommend once in a couple of weeks to do the mechanical cleaning, including the use of ultra-sound.
  • Hyperpigmentation — violation of pigmentation of the skin is called the variety of reasons, including changes related to age. Options to deal with this problem there are several: the use of bleaching agents, professional procedures, for example, the peeling laser. To lighten the skin on the face, you may cause frictions with phytic, almond acids. Patients with age hyperpigmentation shows hardware peeling or laser effect.
beautiful skin

To resolve problems with the skin should be applied the therapy. In some cases, as already mentioned, are given antibiotics, may need antifungal medicines. As is well known, many skin problems are related with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract